The Republic of Congo
With a population of 5.2 million (2018) over a surface area of 342,000 km2, the Republic of Congo is sparsely populated, with more than half of the population concentrated in its two largest cities, Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. The rest of the country is one of the least densely populated areas in Africa, with just 12.8 persons per square kilometer. The capital, Brazzaville, is located on the Congo River, in the south of the country, immediately across from Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The two closest capitals in the world.
Largely covered by tropical forests, the Republic of Congo also possesses vast expanses of unused arable land that represent approximately one third of its total area. Moreover, the country ranks among the top 10 of Africa’s oil producers and has substantial mineral resources.
The country ranks poorly on the Human Development Index. The 2017 conflict in the Pool region has caused internal displacement which has greatly increased humanitarian needs. Additionally, the impacts of COVID-19 and measures to contain it include rising food prices and loss of income, which further undermine the most vulnerable households in urban areas.
To improve the living conditions and to reduce social tensions and youth violence, UNDP and Japan are providing support to Youth and Women to increase their chance to be economically and socially reinserted and reintegrated in society.